I have known about these special census schedules, but have not fully explored them. I found a few 19th century ancestors while trying to decide who to write about this week. The most interesting to me was what I found for third great-grandfather, Joseph Rose.
He was born on October 25, 1809, in New York City to Joseph Rose and Frances Stanton. He married Frances Stanton Willet on October 23, 1827, and fathered six children with her.
In the 1850 U.S. Census, the first census that lists all names of household members, I find 40-year-old Joseph Rose, Jr. in New York City's Ward 4, with occupation of Gun Smith.
The household includes his wife, his four youngest children, a servant, and the last name in the image is that of his son-in-law, David Hunter McAlpin, who likely lived next door.
|U.S. Federal Census. Year: 1850; Census Place: New York Ward 4, New York, New York;|
Roll: M432_536; Page: 264B; Lines: 35-41; Record for Joseph Rose family
So in the Ancestry.com's Selected U.S. Federal Census Non-Population Schedules, 1850-1880 for New York Ward 4, page 373, I find some more information about Joseph's business:
It's kind of hard to read and I didn't include the page headings, so below is a transcription of the information, with page headings in black and handwritten entries in blue.
Name of Corporation, Company or Individual, Producing Articles to the Annual Value of $500: Joseph Rose Jr.
Name of Business, Manufacture, or Product: Guns
Capital Invested in Real and Personal Estate in the Business: $2,000
Raw Material Used, Including Fuel:
Quantities: 5,000 [lbs?]
Kinds: Iron, Steel, Silver, Brass, Wood Stock
Kind of motive power, machinery, structure, or resource: Hand
Average number of hands employed:
Average monthly cost of male labour: 140
Average monthly cost of female labour: [blank] **
Kinds: Rifles, Fowling
** Looking at the other businesses listed on the page, it was amazing to see how much less the "female labour" was paid than the "male labour," but I guess I shouldn't be surprised.
By 1860, the Rose family had settled in Matawan, Monmouth County, New Jersey, where I find Joseph in the U.S. Census for 1860 and 1870 as a farmer.
Joseph died on December 4, 1877, and I previously shared a wonderfully detailed obituary from the local Matawan newspaper.
I descend from Joseph Rose (Jr.) as follows:
Joseph Rose (1809-1877)
Frances Adelaide Rose (1829-1870)
Frances Adelaide McAlpin (1860-1937)
Charles McAlpin Pyle (1893-1966)
Charles McAlpin Pyle, Jr. (1924-1993)