Tuesday, October 11, 2016

David Freeland, 4th Great Grandfather in 1830 U.S. Census

Almost three years ago, I connected with a fifth cousin via Ancestry because we share David Freeland as a common fourth great grandfather. (Her tree had a death date for his wife and I wondered what the source was.) This cousin shared some information about David that she had obtained from a privately published family history about another ancestral line. (This genealogy is not a Freeland family genealogy.)

Recently, she shared images of the two pages that mention the Freelands. The Freeland family information came from an interview of Barbara Elizabeth Curtis Rubins (1840-1929), a first cousin 4x removed of mine and my fifth cousin's 2nd great grandmother. She mentions her grandparents, David Freeland and Barbara Fullerton Arrold [sic: should be Arroll], and the six children that she knew of: Barbara, Anna, James, Mary, Margaret and Oswald. The older five were born in Govan, Scotland (which I had found at FamilySearch.org and blogged about at Tuesday's Tip ~ Scotland, Births, Baptisms, and Marriages) and the youngest was born in Canada (and I didn't know about him).

Additionally, she reported that, after living for five years about five miles from LaChine Rapids, Quebec, Canada, they moved to Utica, New York. This is new information to me. (My ancestor, James Freeland, ended up in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.)

Since I knew they immigrated from Scotland in 1821, this statement implies that they moved to Utica, New York, about 1826, and I should find David Freeland in the 1830 U.S. Census. When I did a search for David Freeland in Utica, Oneida County, New York, in this census, the first result was for David Garland in New Hartford, Oneida County. (This is a town southwest of Utica.)

I took a look and third from the bottom was David Freeland with handwriting that was indexed as Garland:

Source: 1830 U.S. census, Oneida County, New York, population schedule, New Hartford, p. 55 (handwritten), line 25, David Freeland; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com): accessed 10 October 2016); citing NARA microfilm publication M19, roll 99.

The U.S. Censuses before 1850 don't include much information, but if you can identify your family, it places a person in a place at a specific time.

This census tells me the ages of the individuals in the household, all of whom I believe I can identify, putting this family in New Hartford, Oneida County, New York, on June 1, 1830, and identifying this David Freeland as our fifth great grandfather.

The tick marks in the above columns represent the following family:

Male 5-10: Oswald, age 7, born about 1823
Male 15-20: James, age 16, born May 1814
Male 40-50: David, age 47, born February 1783
Female 5-10: Margaret, age 9, born July 1820
Female 10-15: Mary, age 12, born May 1818
Female 15-20: Anna, age 18, born January 1812
Female 20-30: Barbara, age 20, born December 1809
Female 30-40: Barbara, age 41, born May 1789

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